Resources - Publications

Countries could strengthen their nationally determined contributions (NDCs) as they increase social welfare by capturing more of their socially beneficial opportunities. The Talanoa Dialogue should help countries do this by highlighting the scale and range of these actions, and encouraging countries to consider them as a leading source of new measures to enhance their existing NDCs. Likewise, the Paris rulebook should encourage countries to share how they are capturing these opportunities, and should ensure that their scope and scale is considered in the global stocktakes.

This paper sets roadmaps specifying and describing the initiatives required to accelerate the just transition to a low-carbon economy, a fundamental transformation of the country's energy sector. It is part of a series of country studies in Asia prepared under a regional project on energy transition in Asia by Friedrich Ebert Stiftung.

This report shows how findings from local science-based studies can further show the magnitude of the consequences of slow onset events and the need to implement greater and innovative adaptation measures to reduce these impacts. It also seeks to complement international e orts by striving to build up a local knowledge and research database on slow onsets by tapping three state universities in the three major Philippine island groups.

A new, groundbreaking report by Institute for Energy Economics and Financial Analysis with the Institute for Climate and Sustainable Cities shows existing and future coal plants in the country are a losing gamble for Filipinos.

A new, groundbreaking report by Institute for Energy Economics and Financial Analysis with the Institute for Climate and Sustainable Cities shows existing and future coal plants in the country are a losing gamble for Filipinos.

The TekPak is a portable solar power system for emergency response, community use and recreation.  It provides a sustainable, renewable response to power communications, lighting, medical and other energy needs.

“Filipino 2040 – Energy: Power Security and Competitiveness EPDP Working Paper 2016 – 01R”

Comments (November 2016) and further reactions (July 2017) by Michael Vemuri, GIZ, Chief Advisor Renewable Energy
Prof. Dr.-Ing. Christoph Menke, Trier University of Applied Sciences

Response by authors of EPDP study (March 2017)

Energy plays an important role in humanitarian response. In disaster-hit areas, energy becomes a rare commodity, along with water, food and shelter. The unavailability of this service hinders the development and resilience- building efforts of entire communities in post-disaster situations. However, the value of energy is often overlooked in the humanitarian response system.

"Global Carbon Pricing: The Path to Climate Cooperation", published by the MIT Press in June 2017, is the state-of-the-art on the design of carbon taxation as a policy tool for compliance with the Paris Agreement. In the book, the authors, including two with Nobels in economics, urge for a policy change that makes compliance consistent with each country’s interest. We urge all serious scholars and climate activists to read it.

This paper describes how small islands in the Philippines can modernize outdated power- generation systems that currently rely on imported diesel fuel and how solar- and wind- powered grids on these islands can supply affordable, reliable, more efficient, more secure, and cleaner power. Many Philippine small island grids served today by diesel generators suffer from frequent blackouts and unplanned power outages. The problem is far from intractable, however.

The Filipinos’ vision for themselves by 2040 is for them to enjoy a stable and comfortable lifestyle, having enough for their daily needs and unforeseen expenses, so they can plan and prepare for their own and their children’s futures. This paper looks at one major commodity that bears heavily on every Filipino consumer’s expenses: electricity. By focusing on the generation sector, it presents two possible scenarios for the next 25 years and illustrates how policy reforms on fuel mix can potentially reduce blended generation charges that make up 47% of the total electric bill of households.

Dr. Maria Socorro Gochoco-Bautista, professor at the University of the Philippines School of Economics, presented her comments on the EPDP energy working paper at the RTD.

According to Dr. Gochoco-Bautista, "In the numerical exercises [of EPDP], output growth is exogenous so it is unclear how generation costs and electrcity prices affect output growth." She also showed a simple model of the energy sector which is displayed in the last page of the document.

She added that the "policy recommendations section [has] recommendations that economists can legitimately make but which are not naturally derived from the numerical exercises and the narrow goals of the paper."

"Years after the Electricity Power Industry Reform Act (EPIRA) marked the departure from a centrally-managed highly regulated structure to a decentralized market oriented system, the expected reduction in electricity prices and the investments boost in the sector have not taken place. This note tries to unravel the reform enigma by focusing on the design, specifically the introduction of competition at the wholesale level while limiting the analysis to trading protocols observed in the wholesale electricity spot market (WESM). Could electricity prices have been lower under a different market design from the one currently applied in WESM?

Getting Prices Right: Philippine energy policy should be guided 
 by the country’s climate vulnerability

Preliminary review of FILIPINO 2040 Energy: Power Security and Competitiven

Comments by:

The Energy Policy and Development Program (EPDP) of the UPecon Foundation wrote the working paper "Filipino 2040 | Energy: Power Security and Competitiveness" (2016 - 01R), which was presented by EPDP program director Dr. Majah Leah Ravago at the round table discussion organized by ICSC and WWF Philippines in cooperation with the University of the Philippines School of Economics.

The USAID Philippines project Building Low Emission Alternatives to Development Economic Resilience and Sustainability (B-LEADERS) reviewed and remarked on the "Energy: Power Security and Competitiveness" working paper of the UPecon Foundation's Energy Policy and Development Program, which is also supported by USAID.

“Filipino 2040 – Energy: Power Security and Competitiveness EPDP Working Paper 2016 – 01R”

Comments by
Michael Vemuri, GIZ, Chief Advisor Renewable Energy

With inputs from
Prof. Dr.-Ing. Christoph Menke, Trier University of Applied Sciences Kilian Reiche, iiDevelopment


Download the full paper

1-5 PM  |  March 17, 2017 
Room 103, School of Economics, University of the Philippines 
Osmeña Avenue, Diliman, Quezon City 1101

The documents that can be accessed from the links below will be discussed in the  Philippine Energy Security and Competitiveness Roundtable scheduled for March 17, from 1:00-5:00pm, in Room 103 of the UP School of Economics. 

Participants are strongly encouraged to read the papers prior to the event so they can fully participate in the discussion.

This handbook gives a good comprehensive briefing on the R.A. 10174 or the People’s Survival Fund. The handbook’s annexes also provide the necessary templates in accessing the Fund.

Authored by Jamil Paolo S. Francisco, Department of Economics, Ateneo de Manila University This study by the Economy and Environment Program for Southeast Asia or EEPSEA looks at the willingness of residents of Metro Manila to pay for a program that would replace the city’s current fleet of highly-polluting diesel jeepneys with zero-emission electric vehicles. Hard copies of the report are also available at the iCSC office. Correction: Page 2 of the report erroneously states that the ejeepneys were launched in Makati City as a joint program of Greenpeace and Makati City government.

Authored by United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Climate Change Policy Spet Cassie Flyn. Before, the management of climate finance was in the hand of small number of large funds associated with United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Finance. Today, countries have more opportunities to address the various climate and development needs because of the expansion of funds coming from private, public, bilateral and multilateral sources. As a consequence to the expansion of climate sources, countries should have a tool that they could use to maximize the funds that they are receiving.

“A Measure for Resilience: 2012 Report on the Ecological Footprint of the Philippines” shows the methodology developed by the Global Footprint Network to address and mainstream issues relating to sustainable environment and biodiversity within the policies related to climate change in the Philippines. The creation of a roadmap which shall be the basis for the national response to climate change is the grand agenda of the Philippines in confronting the impacts of climate change.

Authored by Romula A. Virola together with Edward Lopez-Dee, Mark Rex Romaoag and Leo Allan Halcon of the National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB) The destruction brought about by typhoon Ondoy and Pepeng in 2009, typhoon Basyang in July 2011, and the El Nino phenomena presents the need for strategic planning in in local, national, and international levels to address vulnerabilities of sectors climate change impacts.

Authored by Sven Harmeling and David Eckstein The Global Climate Change Risk Index 2013 is a tool that can be used to analyze the extent by which countries have been affected by climate-related phenomena like storms, floods, heat waves and the like. The basis for this Global Climate Change Risk Index is the available data obtained in 2011, and for the period of 1992-2001. This index can serve as an indicator that the Philippines, as a country greatly affected by climate change, may experience greater vulnerability to the destructive effects of climate change.

Following the discipline of its global and regional counterparts, national HDRs provide the same rigor of analysis, which we now find in the Philippine Human Development Report (PHDR). As in previous editions, this 7th Philippine Human Development Report (2012-2013 PHDR) offers yet another development perspective, "Geography," critical to the attainment of human development for the people of Philippine archipelago. The road to human development is filled with multidimensional barriers and challenges. To understand the path to human development, since 1994 the PHDRs have tackled diverse themes such as gender, education, employment, peace and security, and institutions.


This paper contains scientific and anecdotal evidence, and expert and grassroots recommendations brought about by the questions: What are we doing about Slow Onset Impacts (SOI) or the long-term effects of climate change? Why should we do more? And what steps should be taken to meet this challenge?

In December 2015, world governments agreed to limit global average temperature rise to well below 2°C, and to strive to limit it to 1.5°C. This report examines, for the first time, the implications of these climate boundaries for energy production and use. Our key findings are:

An excerpt from the text: This is a compelling argument against centralized, cookie-cutter type of approaches from the national government-particularly in agriculture, the most climate-sensitive sector. Rather, the first best and, maybe, only response to narity and unpredictability is to strengthen adaptive capacities of communities-strengthening human capabilities and building on local coping mechanisms. Certain types of information, technology, and research may be best produced or financed at the national level, but the delivery and application of these public goods requires local knowledge, flexibility, and customization.

Project Philippines is the project narrative for The Adaptation Finance Initiative (AFAI), an international initiative that seeks to track international funds tagged as adaptation finance. AFAI in the Philippines was made possible through the partnership of iCSC with Overseas Development Institute (ODI), World Resources Institute (WRI), and Oxfam. AFAI is also being undertaken with other country partners in Zambia, Uganda, and Nepal.

Excessive heat while working, generally at temperatures above 35o Celsius, creates occupational health risks and reduces work capacity and labour productivity (Parsons, 2014). Maintaining a core body temperature close to 37oC is essential for health and human performance, and large amounts of sweating as a result of high heat exposure while working creates a risk of dehydration. Excessive body temperature and/or dehydration causes “heat exhaustion”, slower work, more mistakes while working, clinical heat effects (heat exhaustion, heat stroke, and even death; Bouchama and Knochel, 2002) and increased risk of accidental injuries (Schulte and Chun, 2009).